By Harvey Wasserman
The bitter battle over two stricken southern California reactors has
taken a shocking seismic hit.
The Nuclear Regulatory Commission has ignored critical questions from
two powerful members of Congress just as the Government Accountability
Office has seriously questioned emergency planning at the San Onofre
At a cost of some $770 million, Southern California Edison and its
partners installed faulty steam generators at San Onofre Units 2 and 3
that have failed and leaked.
Those reactors have been been shut since January, 2012 (similar defects
doomed Unit 1 in 1992).
They’ve generated zero electricity, but SCE and its partners have
billed ratepayers over a billion dollars for them.
SCE wants San Onofre reopened by June 1. The idea is to experiment
with Unit 2 at 70% of full power for five months, despite widespread
concerns that the defective generators will fail again.
That would require a license amendment, about which the NRC staff has
asked Edison 32 key preliminary questions. But there’s been no
official, adjudicated public hearing on Edison’s response.
On April 9, Senator Barbara Boxer (D-CA) and Representative Ed Markey
(D-MA) asked the NRC to keep Unit 2 shut until the safety issues can be
ofre ) .
Boxer chairs the powerful Senate Committee on the Environment and
Public Works, which oversees the NRC. Markey is ranking Democrat on
the House Energy and Commerce Committee, and is the current
front-runner to fill John Kerry’s vacated Senate seat.
Their letter to NRC Chair Allison Macfarlane says San Onofre must not
re-open without a “comprehensive investigation” and “full opportunity
for public participation.” Utility efforts to “shortcut the license
amendment process,” they say, “would put public safety at risk.” (
SCE’s backdoor dodge “was made despite evidence showing that there
could be a significant hazard from the operation of the deficient steam
generators.” That, in turn, “would fall far short of the kind of
consideration the 8 million people who live within 50 miles of San
Boxer and Markey asked the NRC to respond by 4pm April 10. Instead,
the Commission staff publicly issued a “no significant hazard” ruling
that would speed the re-licensing process—a precise renunciation of
the Boxer/Markey concerns.
Markey, in turn, said the NRC “showed blatant disregard” for public
Boxer said the ruling was “dangerous and premature,” especially since
“the damaged plant is located in an area at risk of earthquake and
She added that “It makes absolutely no sense to even consider taking
any steps to reopen San Onofre until these investigations look into
every aspect of reopening the plant given the failure of tubes that
carry radioactive water.”
The Commission has made some preliminary recommendations in response to
Fukushima, including a call for new filters, which the industry has
resisted. But it’s at least two years away from issuing new
regulations based on lessons learned. Former NRC Chair Greg Jaszco has
criticized the industry for failing to respond to Fukushima’s
warnings. The Commission, he says, is “just rolling the dice” on
Jaszco’s concerns were mirrored in a report issued April 9 by the
Government Accountability Office warning that there were deep flaws in
plans for evacuating southern California should San Onofre actually
Mirroring widespread anger over soaring electric rates, Los Angeles
Times columnist Michael Hiltzik
) warned that ratepayers were tired of getting “the shaft” at San
Onofre by being forced to pay Edison millions “for services not
The escalated San Onofre uproar comes with the double-shorting of a
critical Fukushima cooling system prompted by a hungry (now fried)
rodent that ate through some cable insulation. The power outage
threatened a Unit Four spent fuel pool laden with hundreds of tons of
immeasurably dangerous rods.
The system crashed again when the owners botched the installation of a
rodent protection system. They’ve further confirmed major radioactive
leakage from at least three of five tanks holding Fukushima’s millions
of gallons of contaminated wastes.
Parallel leaks at the Hanford nuclear facility in Washington state now
threaten the Columbia River.
A major equipment crash at Missouri’s Calloway was preceded this week
by an accident at Arkansas Nuclear One that killed at least one worker
and injured at least seven others.
Once the atomic poster child, France is now exploring joining Germany
in phasing out its expensive, decaying nuclear fleet for a massive new
commitment to renewables.
( http://www.nukefree.org/will-france-switch-nukes-renewables )
Germany is turning coordinated large-scale natural systems into base
And the city of Los Angeles now offers green feed-in tariffs (
http://prn.fm/category/archives/green-power/#axzz2Q746ZwlD ) meant to
power a Solartopian conversion.
Edison is fighting off installing wind or solar generators, hoping to
keep the public paying for its failures at San Onofre.
But for SCE and the NRC to flat-out ignore Congressionals as powerful
as Boxer and Markey may indicate how desperately they want San Onofre
paid for by the public.
SCE warns of power shortages this summer, but San Onofre was off-line
last summer without major impact. SCE wants the public to continue to
pay for these nukes, faulty generators and all. But if they’re down
another summer, the odds against them ever reopening will jump.
Two other US reactors—Kewaunee in Wisconsin and Florida’s Crystal
River—will soon shut forever. Public pressure on New York’s Indian
Point, Oyster Creek in New Jersey, and Vermont Yankee could drive the
number of US reactors under 100 this year for the first time in
Boxer (202-224-3553) and Markey (202-225-2836) are now being asked to
hold those adjudicated public hearings in southern California, and to
investigate the GAO’S findings on evacuation, before any new license is
granted at San Onofre.
Rising anger over a dangerous restart and more billions flowing into
utility pockets guarantees that this fight will continue to escalate.
Edison and the NRC seem willing to ignore the public’s demands and
those of Sen. Boxer and Rep. Markey. But they now face an ever-angrier
The potential restart of San Onofre still hangs in the balance.
But the magnitude of the confrontation has taken a significant leap.
Stay tuned!….or, better still….get involved!